<center><font colour=red>ING or S: A Matter of Ending</font></center>

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 »  Articles Overview  »  Art of Translation and Interpreting  »  Translator Education  »  
ING or S: A Matter of Ending

ING or S: A Matter of Ending

By Marcia Pinheiro | Published  11/26/2012 | Translator Education | Recommendation:
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Quicklink: http://pol.proz.com/doc/3676
Marcia Pinheiro
angielski > portugalski translator
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The end of a certain sigmatoid is an ing, but there is no rule to justify that, so why is it not an s?

Do Accounting Department and Department of Accounts generate the same world reference/Inner Reality image?

Accounting reminds us of accountants, and accounts reminds us of banks instead.

What about billing, and bills? Is it the same thing saying Bills Department, and Billing Department? Are both expressions acceptable, as for rules of speech?

Expressions where the doubt arises are not missing: Housing Department or Houses Department? Financing Department or Finances Department? Operating Expenses or Operations Expenses?

It is Housing Department, but Financing Department is a department that finances, and Finances Department is a department that deals with finances.

Expenses made because of the daily activity of a business are Operating Expenses, but expenses with medical operations, so surgeries, are not Operations Expenses because the preposition used to form the expression was with, not of.

Why ending, and not end?

There is also ends, as in the ends do not justify the means.

If a thing such as a starting point exists, then a thing such as an ending point also does.

Whilst the sigmatoid billing ends with ing, the ending ing is not very different from the ending s.

What about the sigmatoids killing, and kill in isolation?

The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, published in 2005, teaches: when it is an animal, it is a kill; when it is a person, it is a killing.

Mary may do a good thing in a certain situation, and Mary may also do some good acting on stage.

Mary may watch the first, and the last acts of a play, and not like them.

Truth is that the acts of a play relate to acting in a different way to the way that killing relates to kills.

Yet in another way do logging, and logs relate.

There is an extra g there, but what a shocking difference in what regards world references: cutting off trees, and the pieces of the trees that we have cut off.

To make it all more interesting, there is whaling but not dolphining.

There is also no crocodiling.

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